Diabetes can adversely affect your overall health in the long term and if left unchecked it can have serious consequences. It is said that the more diabetes you have and the less you control your blood sugar, the risk of serious complications increases. Untreated diabetes can trigger a heart attack, stroke, kidney damage, dementia, and depression. It can also have dire consequences for your eyes and even lead to blindness.
Experts say that high blood sugar levels can have a huge impact on your eyes and damage the blood vessels in the retina if not treated in time.
âHigh blood sugar weakens the blood vessels in your eyes. This can cause them to leak or get out of hand in your retina, the light-sensitive area at the back of your eye. This is called diabetic retinopathy, âexplains Dr Girish Rao, Medical Director, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai.
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Your risk of developing this complication increases over time, and having constantly uncontrolled sugar levels makes you more vulnerable. The condition does not distinguish between type 1 or type 2 diabetic patients.
âDiabetic retinopathy occurs when chronically high blood sugar levels damage the small blood vessels in your body, including your eyes. Once damaged, blood vessels can start to leak blood and other fluids. excess fluid. But when there is too much fluid, you may experience swelling and thickening of the macula (DME), an area in the center of the retina that helps you see clearly and precisely, âsays Dr Rao.
The best way to control diabetes is to get diagnosed as early as possible, start taking medication, and make healthy lifestyle changes. Some of the common symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, irritability, slow healing sores , frequent skin infections, among others.
People with diabetes are generally encouraged to eat foods high in fiber and protein because they have a low GI. Eating foods high in fiber such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables can control blood sugar. Keeping active and exercising can also help control sugar levels.